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Fewer hours worked and more part-time work in the EU27
Employment in the EU27 and the euro area began to fall in the second quarter of 2008 as a result of the economic crisis. Between the second quarters of 2008 and 2009, employment1 dropped by 1.9% to 222.7 million persons in the EU27 and by 1.8% to 145.5 million in the euro area (EA16). However, the fall in employment was smaller than the contraction of economic activity (-4.9% GDP growth in the EU27 and -4.8% in the euro area in the same period). One of the reasons for this is the fact that employers can reduce the volume of hours worked and increase the use of part-time employment. This has been the case in the EU27 and in the euro area between the second quarters of 2008 and 2009.
The analysis of the impact of the crisis on employment also shows that employees have been affected differently depending on their level of education.
These data, published by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities, come from a publication2 on the impact of the economic crisis on the labour market in the EU. This publication also includes information about people on temporary contracts and job opportunities during the crisis.
In the year up to the second quarter of 2009, the average number of actual hours worked per week by persons in full-time employment fell by 0.7 hours (from 41.0 hours per week to 40.3) in the EU27 and by 0.8 hours (from 40.8 to 40.0) in the euro area, while between the second quarters of 2007 and 2008 there had been a rise by 0.3 hours in both zones.
Between the second quarters of 2008 and 2009, the number of weekly working hours of a full-time worker went down in 24 out of the 27 Member States. The largest falls were registered in Estonia (-1.5 h), Austria, Slovakia and Finland (all -1.4 h), Germany and Sweden (both -1.3 h), Denmark (-1.2 h) and Slovenia (-1.1 h).
Datum: 05 November 2009
Bron: Press release Eurostat
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